The rules and strategies for playing Roulette

By Joe Clark - March 05, 2022

Welcome to our comprehensive guide to understanding and mastering the game of Roulette! In this article, we will take you through the game’s rich history and different variations, such as European, American, and French Roulette. Additionally, we’ll delve into the intricacies of the roulette table layout, the basic rules of the game, and the ins and outs of various betting strategies.

To ensure you’re ready for any Roulette situation, we’ll cover proper etiquette and bankroll management tips, as well as guide how to choose a reputable online casino to play online roulette games. 

As an avid casino-goer, I’ve spent many late nights hovered over the roulette table, praying the little metal ball would land on my number. Roulette is an absolute thrill with the potential for big payouts on every spin, but before you head to the casino, you need to understand the rules and some basic strategies of roulette to increase your odds and bankroll. In this article, I have shared everything you need to know to have fun at the roulette wheel.

learn the rules and gameplay of roulette
Spinning the roulette wheel

Roulette is a widespread and popularly known casino game that has captivated the interest of gamblers for centuries. The game takes its name from the French word for ‘little wheel,’ with its origins dating back to 18th century France. In Roulette, players place bets either on a single number, several groupings of numbers, the colors red or black, whether the number is odd or even, or if the numbers are high (19–36) or low (1–18).

The history of roulette dates back to ancient times, with various representations of the roulette wheel found in different civilizations. Greek soldiers used to spin their shields, and the Romans would spin chariot wheels to gamble and pass the time. Despite these ancient origins, the modern version of roulette can be traced back to 17th-century France.

One of the most famous early versions of roulette was created by French mathematician Blaise Pascal. Pascal was working on developing a perpetual motion machine, but his invention proved unsuccessful. However, his creation became the basis for the modern roulette wheel. Later, in the 18th century, the game transformed into the one we know today. It became popular in France, and then it spread throughout Europe, eventually reaching the United States.

Roulette Variations

There are different variations of roulette, each with its distinctive features, rules, and strategies. The three main types of roulette are European, American, and French Roulette.


European Roulette: European Roulette is the most popular and widely played version of the game. It features a single zero (‘0’) on the wheel and has 37 pockets in total, including numbers from 1 to 36 and the single 0. The house edge for European Roulette is 2.7%, making it a more favorable option for players compared to other variants.


American Roulette: American Roulette is another popular variation, particularly in the United States. This version of the game has 38 pockets on the wheel, as it features a single zero (0) and a double zero (00). The presence of the additional double zero pocket increases the house edge to 5.26%, making it a slightly more challenging game for players to win compared to European Roulette.


French Roulette: French Roulette is the least commonly known version of the game but has quite a few similarities to European Roulette – it also has 37 pockets, including a single zero. However, French Roulette incorporates additional rules known as ‘La Partage’ and ‘En Prison.’ These rules come into play when the ball lands on zero, and they lower the house edge to a mere 1.35%, making it the most player-friendly of all roulette variations.

Understanding the roulette table layout is essential to playing and enjoying the game. The layout consists of two key components – the wheel and the betting layout.

The roulette wheel contains numbered pockets ranging from 1-36 (and the single zero for European and French Roulette or single and double zeros for American Roulette) where the ball is expected to land. The pockets are colored alternately red and black, while the zero pocket(s) is green. In European and French roulette, the wheel features the numbers and single zero arranged in no particular order. American roulette has a different arrangement of numbers with an extra double zero pocket.

The betting layout is where the players place their bets on the outcome of the spin. The layout corresponds with the numbers and colors of the pockets on the wheel, but the numbers are organized in a specific sequence, divided into three columns and twelve rows. Players can place a variety of bets, including placing bets on single numbers, combinations of numbers, red or black, odd or even, and high or low numbers. Additionally, there are unique combination bets like Split, Street, Corner, and many more that a player can place, creating countless betting options for an exciting and engaging game.

the betting layout of roulette table
essential part of roulette - the wheel

Roulette is a popular casino game that has been around for centuries. The basic objective of the game is to correctly guess the number or group of numbers where the ball will land on the spinning wheel. Here are the basic rules of roulette, including placing bets, table limits, types of roulette wheels, and the role of the dealer and croupier.

There are two types of bets in roulette: inside bets and outside bets. Inside bets are those placed directly on individual numbers or groups of numbers, while outside bets are placed on larger groups of numbers, colors, or other categories. Let’s examine the different types of bets you can make in roulette.

Inside bets typically have higher payouts but lower odds of winning. There are several different types of inside bets in roulette, including

  • Straight-up Bet

    A straight-up bet is a wager placed on a single number, from 0 to 36. If the ball lands on the chosen number, the player wins 35 times their original bet.

  • Split Bet:

    A split bet is placed on the line separating two numbers. This bet covers both numbers, giving the player a chance of winning if either one is selected. The payout for a split bet is 17 to 1.

  • Street Bet

    A street bet is a wager on a row of three numbers. To place this bet, the player’s chips are placed on the outside line of the row being bet on. The payout for a street bet is 11 to 1.

  • Corner Bet

    A corner bet, also known as a square bet, is a wager on four adjoining numbers in a square. To place this bet, the player’s chips are placed on the intersection of the four numbers. The payout for a corner bet is 8 to 1.

  • Line Bet

    A line bet is a wager placed on six numbers covering two rows of three numbers each. The chips are placed at the intersection of the two rows. The payout for a line bet is 5 to

Outside bets have lower payouts but better odds of winning. Some common outside bets include:

  • Column Bet

    A column bet is a wager on one of the three columns covering 12 numbers each. The chips are placed at the bottom of the chosen column. The payout for a column bet is 2 to 1.

  • Dozen Bet

    A dozen bet covers 12 consecutive numbers, either 1-12, 13-24, or 25-36. The chips are placed in the designated area for the chosen dozen. The payout for a dozen bets is 2 to 1.

  • Even Money Bet

    Even money bets are wagers on even/odd, red/black, or high/low groups of numbers. These bets pay 1 to 1.

Each roulette table has minimum and maximum betting limits. Players must place bets within these limits. Table limits may vary according to the casino and the specific roulette game being played. It is essential to understand the table limits before playing to manage your bankroll effectively.

There are two main types of roulette wheels: European and American. The European wheel has 37 numbered slots, including 0 and numbers 1-36. The American wheel has an additional slot for the double zero (00), making a total of 38 numbered slots. This additional slot increases the house edge, making the American version slightly less favorable to players in terms of odds.

In a land-based casino, the dealer and the croupier are responsible for the smooth running of the game. The dealer handles bets and payouts, while the croupier is responsible for spinning the wheel and facilitating the game. In online roulette, a software program manages these roles.

Understanding these basic roulette rules will help you enjoy the game and make informed decisions when placing bets. Remember to play responsibly, be aware of table limits, and choose your bets wisely to maximize your chances of winning.

Roulette is a game of chance that relies heavily on luck, but that has yet to stop gamblers from trying to devise strategic methods to improve their odds of winning. Several well-known roulette strategies have been employed over the years, with varying degrees of success. Since there is no way to predict the outcome of each spin, these strategies focus on managing bets and adjusting stakes based on the previous results. Below, we discuss the six most commonly used roulette strategies:

  • Martingale System

    The Martingale System is the most famous and straightforward betting strategy in roulette. It is a progressive betting technique that requires a player to double their bet after each loss, with the aim of recovering all previous losses and winning a profit equal to the initial stake. This method is most commonly applied to even-money bets, such as red/black or odd/even.

    To use the Martingale system, begin by placing a small bet on an even-money wager. If you win, keep the same bet and spin again. If you lose, double your bet and continue to do so until you win. Although this method can be effective in the short term, it has its risks, as successive losses can quickly lead to large bets that exceed table limits or a player’s budget.

  • Reverse Martingale System

    The Reverse Martingale, also known as the Paroli System, is the opposite of the Martingale. Instead of doubling bets after a loss, players double their bets after a win and return to their base bet after a loss. The goal of this system is to take advantage of winning streaks and minimize losses during losing streaks.

    To implement the Reverse Martingale system, start with a small bet on an even-money wager. If you win, double your bet and continue to do so if you keep winning. When you lose, return to your original bet. This system tends to be less risky than the Martingale, but it relies on the assumption that wins and losses will come in streaks rather than randomly.

  • D'Alembert System

    The D’Alembert system is another popular roulette strategy designed for even-money bets. The premise of this system is that, in the long run, the number of wins and losses will eventually even out. To implement this system, players increase their bets by one unit after a loss and decrease their bets by one unit after a win.

    For example, if you start with a bet of one unit and lose, you would bet two units on the next spin. If you win, you will bet on one unit again. While the D’Alembert system is considered less risky than the Martingale, it still operates under the erroneous assumption that past outcomes can predict future results.

  • Fibonacci System

    The Fibonacci system is based on the famous Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers in which each number is the sum of the two preceding ones (e.g., 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, etc.). In this system, players progress through the sequence after each loss and return to the beginning of the sequence after a win.

    To use the Fibonacci system, start with a bet of one unit. If you lose, move one step forward in the sequence and bet the corresponding number of units. If you win, go back two steps in the sequence and use that number as your bet. Although this method can help manage losses, it still assumes that wins and losses will follow a pattern, which is not the case in a random game like roulette.

  • Labouchere System

    The Labouchere system, also known as the Cancellation system, is a more complex roulette strategy that involves creating a sequence of numbers and adapting bets based on the total sum. To use this system, write down a series of numbers that add up to your desired profit. Then, begin your bet by adding the first and last numbers in the sequence.

    If you win, remove those two numbers and repeat the process with the new first and last numbers. If you lose, add the amount lost to the end of the sequence and bet the sum of the new first and last numbers. This system has the advantage of incorporating both wins and losses into the sequence, but it still relies on the idea that there is a pattern to the game.

  • Oscar's Grind System

    Oscar’s Grind is a lesser-known roulette strategy that focuses on making a profit of one unit at a time. To employ this method, start by betting one unit on an even-money wager. If you win, pocket your winnings and start again. If you lose, keep the same bet until you win. When you win, increase your bet by one unit and continue in this manner until you reach your desired profit.

    This system is relatively slow and can involve a large number of small bets, which can be both time-consuming and tedious. However, it is considered one of the safer roulette strategies as it does not involve dramatic betting increases like the Martingale or the Fibonacci systems.

roulette game's top winning strategies
winning strategy of roulette - Martingale Strategy

Proper management of your bankroll is a key factor in becoming a successful gambler, whether you are just playing for fun or as a seasoned professional. To manage your bankroll effectively, you need to set a budget, choose the right bet size, know when to quit, and maximize any bonuses or rewards you receive. Here, we will explore each of these aspects to help you improve your bankroll management skills.

A budget should be your starting point when managing your bankroll. A solid, well-defined budget helps you to determine the amount of money you can afford to gamble within a specific period, be it a month, a week, or a single session. The primary goal of setting a budget is to make sure that you’re only gambling with the money you can comfortably lose without affecting your essential needs like rent, food, and other expenses.

To set a budget, analyze your income and calculate the amount of money you can spare for gambling after covering all your necessary expenses. Be realistic about your disposable income, and it’s good to err on the side of caution when determining your budget. Once you’ve set your budget, it’s essential to stick to it and avoid being tempted to overspend if you suffer a losing streak.

Once you have established your budget, you need to determine the appropriate bet size for your wagers. Bet size is an essential factor in bankroll management, as bets that are too large can quickly deplete your resources. To choose the right bet size, consider the type of games you’ll be playing, the odds, and your level of expertise.

If you’re playing games with lower odds or a larger house edge, like slot machines, it’s best to bet smaller amounts to ensure that you can play for longer. On the other hand, games with higher odds, like blackjack or poker, allow you to take more significant risks with your bets as long as you understand the odds and have a solid strategy in place.

You should also weigh your level of expertise in a particular game when deciding on a bet size. If you’re new to a game or haven’t yet developed a winning strategy, it’s wise to start with smaller bets and increase them as you become more confident and experienced.

A golden rule in gambling is knowing when to walk away from the table. It’s critical to have the discipline to quit when you’re ahead and call it a day when you’re on a losing streak. Even the most experienced players go through winning and losing streaks; understanding that gambling is unpredictable by nature is key to successful bankroll management.

One approach is to set win and loss limits for each gambling session. For example, you might decide that you’ll quit once you’ve won a particular amount or if you lose a certain percentage of your initial bankroll. By sticking to these limits, you can protect your winnings and minimize losses, ultimately leading to better long-term results.

Many casinos and gambling platforms offer various bonuses, promotions, and rewards programs to encourage user loyalty. Leveraging these offers can help you get more value out of your bankroll, maximizing your potential for returns while minimizing your risk.

Look for casinos that offer generous welcome bonuses, deposit match promotions, cashback offers, and free spins on slot machines. Also, consider joining the casino’s rewards or loyalty program if it’s advantageous. Participating in such programs can earn you points to redeem for cash, free play, or other prizes, effectively increasing the overall value of your bankroll.

It is essential to develop solid bankroll management skills for successful gambling. With proper planning and discipline, you can enjoy the thrill of gambling while minimizing the risk and potentially increasing your chances of success.

using roulette bonuses effectively
secure bigger wins in roulette

Roulette is a classic casino game that gamblers have enjoyed for centuries. If you’re new to roulette or simply want to brush up on your skills, it’s important to be aware of the proper etiquette and some helpful tips to improve your experience at the table. Here is how to handle chips and place bets, understand roulette lingo, interact with dealers and other players, and some general roulette tips.

  • Handling Chips and Placing Bets

    When playing roulette, it’s important to understand how to handle your chips and place bets properly. First, when you approach a roulette table, you’ll need to buy chips specific to that table. The dealer will give you chips of different colors to distinguish your bets from those of other players. Remember to only use these chips at the roulette table you obtained them from, and cash in your chips before leaving the table, as they aren’t valid for use elsewhere in the casino.

    When placing bets, always respect other players’ space and be aware of where their chips are placed on the layout. Avoid tossing your chips onto the table, as this can cause confusion and accidental mixing of chips. Instead, place your chips decisively on the desired bet, making sure not to interfere with other players’ bets.

    After the dealer has announced “no more bets” and the ball is in motion, do not attempt to touch your chips or alter your bet. This is against the rules and can lead to immediate expulsion from the casino. Additionally, wait until the dealer has finished paying out all winning bets and removed the dolly, the marker used to identify the winning number, before placing new bets for the next spin.

  • Understanding Roulette Lingo

    In order to communicate with the dealer and other players effectively, it’s important to understand the terminology used in roulette. Here are some common terms you should know:

    • Inside bets: bets placed directly on one or more numbers inside the grid on the roulette table.
    • Outside bets: bets placed outside the grid, such as on columns, dozens, or even-money bets like red/black and odd/even.
    • Split bet: a bet on two adjacent numbers on the grid, placed by placing a chip on the line between them.
    • Corner bet: a bet on four numbers that form a square on the grid, placed by putting a chip on the intersection of the four numbers.
    • Call bets: predetermined sets of bets based on the layout of the wheel, often associated with European roulette.

    By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you’ll be better equipped to communicate effectively and play roulette with confidence.

  • Interacting with Dealers and Players

    When playing roulette, it’s essential to maintain a polite and respectful demeanor towards both the dealer and your fellow players. Be patient and wait your turn when placing bets, and avoid reaching across the table and invading another player’s space.

    Always use the dealer’s name when addressing them if they’re wearing a name tag, and thank them for their assistance throughout the game. Refrain from giving them unsolicited advice or complaining about the outcome of spins, as this can create a negative atmosphere at the table.

    Engage in friendly conversation with fellow players, but avoid discussing strategy or interfering with their betting decisions. Remember, roulette is a social game, and respecting those around you will make for a more enjoyable experience for everyone.

  • General Roulette Tips

    To improve your overall roulette experience, keep these general tips in mind:

    • Have a bankroll management plan, and stick to it to avoid losing more money than you can afford.
    • Know the different types of bets and their associated payouts so you can make informed decisions when placing bets.
    • Don’t fall into the gambler’s fallacy, believing that past spins will influence future outcomes. Each spin is independent, and the odds remain the same.
    • Remember that roulette is a game of chance, and there are no guaranteed winning strategies. Play for fun and enjoyment, not as a means of making money.

By following these etiquette guidelines and tips, you’ll be well-prepared for an enjoyable and stress-free roulette experience.

Online roulette is a popular casino game that has made the transition from land-based casinos to the online world. The game combines luck and skill, offering players a thrilling gaming experience. With the exponential growth of internet casinos, players now have access to various online roulette versions with different features and betting options. Here are the essentials of online roulette, including how to choose a reputable online casino, understanding the major variations, and weighing the advantages and disadvantages of playing this exciting game online.

When looking for an online casino to play roulette, there are a few factors to consider to ensure a safe, secure, and enjoyable gaming experience. First and foremost, make sure the online casino is licensed and regulated by a reputable authority, such as the United Kingdom Gambling Commission or the Malta Gaming Authority. These jurisdictions ensure that casinos adhere to strict security and fairness standards, protecting players from potential fraud and game manipulation.

Another factor to consider is the available roulette game selections and software providers. Reputable online casinos partner with well-known and reliable software providers, such as Microgaming, NetEnt, and Evolution Gaming. These companies offer high-quality games with state-of-the-art graphics, seamless gameplay, and fair results. Make sure to choose a casino that provides a diverse range of roulette games so you can try different variations and find the one that suits your preferences.

Customer support is another critical aspect of a reputable online casino. Ensure that the casino provides 24/7 support through various channels, such as live chat, email, and telephone. This ensures you have someone to resolve any issues or answer questions as you play.

Lastly, consider the casino’s deposit and withdrawal options, as well as its payout speed. A reputable online casino should offer a variety of secure and convenient banking methods, such as credit and debit cards, e-wallets, and bank transfers, and process transactions swiftly and efficiently.

There are three main online roulette variations: European, American, and French Roulette. Each type has its unique characteristics and rules, which influence players’ odds and betting strategies. European Roulette features a single-zero wheel and offers better odds than the double-zero American version. French Roulette uses the same wheel as European Roulette but includes additional betting options and rules, such as La Partage and En Prison, which favor the player.

Apart from the classic variations, there are several innovative online roulette games, such as Multi-Ball Roulette, where multiple balls are spun at once, increasing the chances of winning. Live dealer roulette replicates the authentic land-based casino experience by streaming a real croupier dealing with the game in real-time.

Understanding the differences between each variation is essential to developing your strategies and maximizing your winning potential. Make sure to familiarize yourself with the rules of each version before deciding which one to play.

Online roulette offers several advantages over land-based casino roulette, such as convenience, game variety, and the ability to play at your own pace. Players can enjoy roulette from the comfort of their homes or on-the-go with mobile devices, eliminating the need to travel to a brick-and-mortar casino. The wide range of available game variations ensures you never get bored with the same game.

Additionally, online roulette allows players to adjust the speed of the game, taking as much time as they need to place bets and make decisions. This is particularly helpful for beginners who need extra time to learn the ropes and develop strategies. Many online casinos also offer free demo versions of their games, enabling players to practice without risking real money.

Despite its advantages, there are some drawbacks to playing online roulette. The virtual nature of the game may need more excitement and the atmosphere of a real casino. Additionally, responsible gambling can be more challenging to practice in an online environment where it’s easy to get caught up in the gameplay.

Online roulette offers a convenient and versatile gaming experience that allows players to enjoy various game variations at their own pace. Being aware of the advantages and disadvantages and selecting a reputable online casino will help you make the most of your online roulette experience.


What are the basic rules of playing roulette?

The basic rules of Roulette involve players placing bets on numbers or colors (red or black) on the wheel. A croupier spins the wheel in one direction while launching a ball in the opposite direction. Players win if the ball lands on their chosen number or color. Payout varies depending on the type of bet.

How many types of bets can be placed in roulette?

There are two main categories of bets in Roulette: inside bets and outside bets. Inside bets include straight-up, split, street, corner, and line bets. Outside bets consist of column bets, dozen bets, red or black, odd or even, and high or low bets. Each bet has its odds and payouts.

What is the difference between European and American roulette?

European Roulette features a single zero (0), while American Roulette has both single (0) and double zeroes (00) on the wheel. This extra number in American Roulette increases the house edge, making European Roulette a more favorable option for players seeking better odds.

What is the Martingale strategy in roulette?

The Martingale strategy is a betting system where players double their bets after each loss, aiming to recover previous losses and gain a small profit. However, this strategy can be risky due to the possibility of reaching table limits or exhausting bankrolls before recovering losses.

How can players improve their winning chances in roulette?

Selecting the European Roulette version with a single zero reduces the house edge, improving winning chances. Additionally, understanding bet types, odds, and payouts can help players make informed decisions. However, Roulette remains a game of chance, and no strategy guarantees consistent wins.

Can you predict where the ball will land in roulette?

No definitive method can predict where the ball will land, as Roulette is a game of chance. The random motion of the ball and wheel determines the results. Although some players use betting systems or past patterns, a strategy is needed to guarantee accurate predictions or consistent wins.

What is the most effective roulette strategy?

The most effective roulette strategy widely recognized by players is the Martingale system. It involves doubling your bet after each loss, aiming to recover losses with a single win. However, remember no strategy can overcome the house edge for guaranteed profits in roulette.

What are the basic rules of roulette?

Roulette’s basic rules involve predicting the ball’s landing space on a numbered wheel. Players place chips on selected numbers or number groups. Bets can win from 1x to 35x the original stake, depending on the precision of the prediction. Understanding these principles enhances gameplay strategy.

What is the safest bet in roulette?

The safest bet in roulette is an outside bet, such as Red or Black, Odd or Even, and 1-18 or 19-36. These bets have nearly a 50% chance to win, offering the highest odds for long-term success, despite having lower payouts at 1/1, making them a preferred choice for cautious players.

Is there a formula to win roulette?

There is no foolproof formula to consistently win at roulette as it is a game of chance. Each spin is independent, and the house edge ensures the casino has a mathematical advantage. Betting systems may offer structure to your play, but they cannot guarantee success due to the randomness of the game’s outcome.